Law Library Legal Dictionary – G
Legal Definitions – G
Gender and Sex Discrimination – Discriminating against a person because of their gender identity. Certain forms of gender (sex) discrimination are illegal under anti-discrimination laws. See Also: EEOC and Gender Discrimination, Federal Sex Discrimination Law, Transsexuality Sex Discrimination
General Partnership – A business arrangement between partners in which partners conducting a business jointly have unlimited liability.
Generic Drug Injury – An injury caused by a non-brand version of a popular drug.
Gift Tax – A federal tax on gifts paid by the person making the gift. An individual may give up to $11,000 a year without having to pay a gift tax.
Good Faith and Fair Dealing – An implied condition that each party to the contract must act in good faith and will not deliberately hinder the completion of the contract.
Good Samaritan Laws – Laws that shield a person from liability when they try to assist someone in need of help.
Government Auction – An event where the government sells property that it has obtained through lawful seizure.
Government Immunity – Immunity from lawsuits that governments and certain specified government officials enjoy.
Grand Jury – A group of jurors, sworn under oath, that listen to evidence and determine if probable cause exists to indict the accused with a crime.
Green Card – An immigration document that verifies a person’s status as a Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) and allows that person to live in the United States. It is the common term for a permanent visa. See also: Green Card Lottery, Green Card Renewal, Green Card Replacement
Gross Negligence – A legal wrong that someone commits when they deliberately act in a way that they know, or should know, is very likely to cause harm.
Guardianship – A court-supervised legal relationship established for the benefit and protection of another, who is often called the "ward."
Gun Possession Laws – Laws governing the ability to own and possess a firearm.